Iversity Graduate College of Medicine,Miyagi,Japan Department of Cardiovascular Surgery,Keio University,Tokyo,Japan Second Division of Surgery,University of Occupational and Environmental Wellness,Fukuoka,Japan Department of Cardiovascular Surgery,Kawasaki Healthcare College,Okayama,Japan Division of Gastroenterological Surgery,National Kyushu Cancer Center,Fukuoka,Japan Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery,Graduate School of Medicine,The University of Tokyo,Tokyo,Japan Department of Cardiovascular Surgery,Nihon University Hospital,Tokyo,Japan Division of Basic Thoracic Surgery,Faculty of Medicine,Kagawa University,Kagawa,JapanTokyo,Japan Department of Surgery,Yokohama City University,Yokohama,Japan Division of General Thoracic Surgery,Osaka University Graduate College of Medicine,Osaka,Japan Department of Gastroenterological Surgery,Osaka University Graduate College of Medicine,Osaka,Japan Division of Thoracic Surgery,Jichi Healthcare University,Tochigi,Japan Department of Cardiac Surgery,The University of Tokyo Hospital,Tokyo,Japan Department of Cardiovascular Surgery,National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center,Osaka,Japan Division of Common Surgical Science Graduate School of Medicine,Gunma University,Gunma,Japan Division of Cardiovascular Surgery,Sakura Health-related Center,Toho University,Chiba,Japan Table Questionnaires sent out and back by the end of December Sent out (A) Cardiovascular surgery (B) General thoracic surgery (C) Esophageal surgery Returned Response rate ( . . .Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg :Abstract on the surveyWe sent out survey questionnaire types to the departments of each category in all institutions ( cardiovascular,general thoracic,and esophageal) nationwide in early April . The response prices in every category by the finish of December were and . ,respectively. This higher response price has been maintain throughout recent survey,and much more than response price in all fields in survey must be congratulated.Table Categories subclassified in line with the amount of operations performedNumber of operations performed Category Cardiovascular surgery Esophageal surgery Common thoracic surgery Final report(A) Cardiovascular surgery Very first,we’re very pleased with all the high response price to our survey of cardiovascular surgery (which surely enhances the excellent of this AZ6102 chemical information annual report. We quite much appreciate the massive effort place into finishing the survey at each and every participating institution. Figure shows the development of cardiovascular surgery in Japan during the last years. Aneurysm surgery involves only operations for thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. Pacemaker implantation incorporates only transthoracic implantation,and transvenous implantation is excluded. The number of pacemaker and help device implantation operations will not be integrated in the total quantity of surgical operations. A total of ,cardiovascular operations were performed at institutions in the course of alone and incorporated heart transplantations,which had been restarted in . The amount of operations for congenital heart illness ( circumstances) decreased slightly compared with that of ( cases),and . lower when compared together with the information of years ago ( cases in. The amount of operations for adult cardiac disease (situations in valvular heart disease,,instances in thoracic aortic aneurysm,and instances for other procedures) improved compared with these of ( and . ,respectively) except for PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24085265 ischemic heart illness (instances),which decreased . of that in . Throughout the final years,the numbers.