Ected individual (95 ) and roughly two thirds from the participants knew that HIV could be transmitted by an HIV-infected mother breastfeeding her youngster. Half of the participants believed that HIV transmission was most likely when having protected sex with an infected individual in addition to a quarter with the sample believed infection is likely when acquiring an injection using a sterilized syringe and needle. The mean percentages of right responses towards the information questions were 77 for Bengaluru and 71 for Mumbai (t = 5.31, d.f. = 1068.28, P \ 0.001). Even though overall expertise was drastically greater in Bengaluru than in Mumbai, no clear pattern of variations was evident across the person know-how items. For some items much more Mumbai than Bengaluru participants answered correctly (drug needle sharing and unprotected sex having a PLHA), though additional Bengaluruparticipants gave right answers for PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21266802 other items (breastfeeding, sterilized needles). Misconceptions regarding casual transmission routes had been common at both web sites, but had been held by a significantly larger proportion of participants in Bengaluru (47 ) than in Mumbai (38 , v2 = 9.66, P \ 0.01). In spite of this distinction in overall rates, the response patterns have been similar plus a substantial proportion of participants at both web-sites believed that HIV transmission is likely from employing a public toilet (31 ), sharing a glass of drinking water (30 ), or sharing eating utensils (27 ) with an HIVinfected person. A smaller proportion in the sample perceived that transmission was likely when BAY-876 web Shaking hands (ten ), working within the very same workplace (ten ), or sitting close (9 ) to a person infected with HIV. The participants’ feelings toward sex workers had been essentially the most often rated cause for HIV-related opinions in both cities, followed by their feelings toward IDU and706 Table 3 HIV transmission expertise and misconceptions Transmission misconceptions Do you consider that HIV may be transmitted by using a public toilet shared by a PLHA Sharing glass of drinking water using a PLHA Sharing consuming utensils using a PLHA Shaking hands having a PLHA Working in exact same office having a PLHA Sitting close to a PLHA Mean (SD) number of transmission misconceptions Transmission understanding Do you consider that HIV can be transmitted by Sharing drug injection needles with a PLHA Getting sex with a PLHA with out a condom A mother with HIVAIDS breastfeeding her child Possessing sex with a PLHA using a condom Finding an injection wsterilized syringe and needleaAIDS Behav (2012) 16:70010 vTotal (n = 1076)BLR (n = 530)MUM (n = 546)31.2 30.2 27.three 9.8 9.6 8.six 1.17 (1.76)38.3 36.3 34.3 17.0 13.9 13.4 1.53 (two.04)24.two 24.3 20.five two.7 five.3 3.eight 0.81 (1.34)24.84 17.81 25.71 61.73 23.16 31.27 6.83a95.7 95.4 68.0 50.4 24.9 74 (19)93.7 92.five 78.2 50.four 11.7 77 (18)97.four 98.three 57.9 50.three 37.six 71 (19)9.68 21.53 50.71 \0.01 97.04 5.24at-Value P \ 0.05, P \ 0.Mean (SD) percent appropriate transmission knowledgeMSM. Having said that, mean scores around the 4-point symbolic stigma scale were substantially higher in Bengaluru than in Mumbai (two.five and 2.0, respectively, t = 8.09, d.f. = 947.98, P \ 0.001). Table 4 reports regression analyses for stigmatizing attitudes and intentions to discriminate against PLHA. Endorsement of coercive policies was larger in Mumbai than in Bengaluru (standardized coefficient b = 0.448, P = 0.001). Females had been much less most likely to endorse coercive policies (b = -0.068, P \ 0.05), as had been much more educated respondents, but in Mumbai only (principal impact of education, which reflects Beng.