Health-related laboratory specialist’s private and qualified development. Continuous reflection on the principles of conduct on the health-related laboratory specialist must constitute the grounds for the improvement of moral and specialist attitudes of healthcare laboratory specialists” . Within this context it can be possible to agree with Skuczyski who writes: “not the really existence of codes of ethics is hazardous, but lowering ethics to code choices. Neither the deontology, nor the conduct of folks may be rational or irrational exclusively on account of codes of ethics, although norms contained in them can constitute arguments in sensible reasoning – by no means even though the only ones” . Recognizing the need to have of producing codes of ethics and legitimacy of the CEMLS study, it’s worthwhile to pay attention to the challenge of their extra or significantly less legal character, i.e. their relation towards the constitutional law. Legal character of CEMLS The evaluation of legal character with the code of ethics within a given order C-DIM12 country is significantly influenced by its legal tradition. Generally as a part of the Anglo-Saxon tradition it is actually doable to assign far more features of “ordinary” law than in the tradition on the European continent . In the United states codes of ethics have a character on the law or similar to the law, above all on account of the possibility of enforcing them. Norms incorporated in these codes aren’t only aeJIFCC2014Vol25No2pp199-Elbieta Puacz, Waldemar Glusiec, Barbara Madej-Czerwonka Polish Code of Ethics of a Health-related Laboratory Specialistbasis of disciplinary liability, but in addition of other kinds of legal liability. European codes of ethics ordinarily contain basic norms on execution of a given profession and are much less legalistic and less formal than their American equivalents. PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21345593 One should nonetheless bear in mind that also in a part of the Old Continent their norms belong to legal systems and as such constitute the basis of disciplinary or expert liability. CEMLS has it legal authorization in Art. 44 with the Act on the clinical diagnostics , which im, poses “codifying principles of ethics of healthcare laboratory specialists”. This truth does not dispel all doubts concerning legal character with the document in query. Inside the discussion present for many years in Poland (similarly as in other countries) regarding the legal status of codes of ethics it can be feasible to exemplify two outermost positions. 1st are supporters with the monism, with regards to the law because the only normative category. They claim that a code of skilled ethics primarily based on provisions of a relevant act becomes a a part of the legal method. In contrast, dualism maintains the existence of a second normative program besides the law, which is described as the sphere of moral, ethical or deontological norms. Within this understanding the issued code pursuant to the provisions of the above talked about act retains its identity and just isn’t an object of incorporation within the legal method. The ethical norms incorporated in the code do not possess a legal status, but re-describe norms in the constitutional law. The statements in the Polish Constitutional Tribunal [18,19], regarding the Code of Healthcare Ethics can prove that in Poland this dualistic model may be the model in force. On the other hand, you can find increasingly frequent attempts to reconcile both positions by treating norms of specialist ethics as specific norms of “soft law” as opposed to traditional “hard law”. The try to rank codes of qualified ethics as “soft law” is.