Ntries is reflected 8-Hydroxy-DPAT Biological Activity inside the behaviour in the distinct university’s students. South African students didn’t know how to utilize Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) probably mainly because they were not offered the opportunity to do so or since it is expensive. However, South African students had to adapt towards the greatest extent to applying the digital understanding environment since the outbreak of COVID-19 for the reason that most had accessed the university’s on the internet atmosphere from university facilities. This was not the case for the Hungarian and Welsh students. Cefotetan (disodium) Epigenetic Reader Domain Respondents from Hungary and Wales had been clearly digitally extra ready for an exclusively on line finding out atmosphere than the South African Students. Preceding investigation shows that South African students struggle to afford online access  and this may well clarify the distinction. But, during the pandemic, all South African students had been offered computers and data bundles to facilitate access to university sources from their mobile phones. Alternatively, no such accommodation was made for the Welsh and Hungarian students. Even so, it’s likely that the majority of these students had broadband at property in Hungary  and in Wales . six. Contributions Within this paper, we make the following contributions: We contribute for the body of information of cyber safety and cyber safety behaviour, and in certain the cyber safety and security danger perceptions -attitudes and concerns–as effectively as student behavioural changed in on the web mastering atmosphere during COVID19 lockdown. We undertook an original, international (three nations, each created and developing/developed), comparative, quantitative analysis project which has revealed considerable variations between the participating universities, with all the most significant differences becoming threat perception attitude and concerns, followed by changed behaviour. The differences involving student cyber-related risk perception attitude, issues also as changed behaviour is often attributed for the differing cyber safety awareness, digital improvement level, and in addition, distinctive amount of cyber security literacy and education of your participating countries: South Africa, Wales, and Hungary. Based on the outcomes from this study, various recommendations are made to influence future pedagogical approaches to university cyber-related training. 7. Limitations and Future Study The investigation focused on 1 university in each in the 3 countries. Further analysis will have to be conducted to involve extra universities to get greater insights. All findings depend on self-reporting, which has undeniable shortcomings. Even so, provided that the study was carried out during the pandemic, this was thought of the top solution to attain each of the students studying remotely. Only two inquiries were incorporated to reveal behavioural modifications, which might not have uncovered all possible alterations and/or behaviours. Even so, these concerns served to provide proof of changes triggered by heightened danger perceptions and the switch to online finding out.Electronics 2021, ten,16 of8. Conclusions and Recommendations Based on these published literacy levels, it will be anticipated to find out the highest levels of threat perception and changed behaviour for the duration of COVID-19 inside the Welsh University students, the least from the South African students and the Hungarian students someplace in-between. This study sought to examine, and contrast risk perceptions and protective behaviours engaged in by students in three nations with very dif.