Ten equal rewards and 1 evil act will incur only one particular equal penalty. Woe, consequently, to these whose one-to-one penalties outdo their ten-fold rewards. Allah has stated, “The fantastic deeds remove these that happen to be evil” [11:14], plus the Prophet (peace be on him) said, “Do PSB-603 Technical Information superior following evil in order that it may wipe out the latter. (Al-Izz 2000, pp. 2778) Even though the Balance doctrine represents the normative orthodox belief regarding humans’ fate within the afterlife, the present study assumes that Muslims are probably to believe in purgatory as a personal destiny. That’s, he or she will enter Purgatory ahead of getting into Paradise. Although scant empirical evidence of purgatory beliefs among Muslims exists, observational data taken by the authors from their perform more than numerous years with young Muslims led to this hypothesis. The current study set out to test this hypothesis, andReligions 2021, 12,four ofdrawing on a cognitive science of religion theoretical frame, delivers an initial explanation as to why these beliefs could possibly exist. 2.two. Purgatory and Proportionality Baumard and Boyer (2013) recommend that the doctrine of Purgatory arose as a result of cognitive tendency, particularly the tendency to proportionality. As outlined by the authors, in moralizing religions, superior deeds are rewarded and bad deeds are punished, either within this world or inside the afterlife, and in both situations, rewards and punishments are proportional to excellent and misdeeds, that is why some religions imagined Purgatory for souls who did not deserve outright salvation. Proportionality evolved evolutionarily through the human endeavor to establish effective relationships with GS-626510 Protocol others to make sure humanity’s survival. Baumard and Boyer (2013) reviewed numerous observations that fit their hypothesis. First, economic games and surveys show that there’s a human tendency for proportionality amongst contributions and distributions (Cappelen et al. 2010; Jakiela 2015; Konow 2000; Marshall et al. 1999; Gurven 2004; Alvard 2004). Second, empirical experiments also show that in mutual aid, there’s proportionality amongst expenses and positive aspects (Baron and Miller 2000; Clark and Jordan 2002; Alvard 2004). Third, studies indicate that the purpose of punishment is not to deter the criminal, but rather to achieve justice (Baron 1993; Carlsmith et al. 2002; Johnson 2009; Chavez and Bicchieri 2013; Baumard 2010; Hoebel 1964) through the proportionality between harm and punishment (Robinson et al. 2007; Baumard and Lienard 2011). The proportionality tendency can also be the reason why individuals associate misfortune with misdeeds (Baumard and Chevallier 2012). Lastly, developmental studies show that infants as young as 15 months can detect inequity (Sloane et al. 2012; Schmidt and Sommerville 2011), and 3-year-olds predict distributions in proportion to merit (Baumard et al. 2011; Kanngiesser et al. 2010). The earlier two sections clarify the contradiction amongst the doctrine of Purgatory as well as the doctrine of balance. When the doctrine of Purgatory supported by a cognitive bias, asserts that every sin must be punished to get a individual so as to be purified before getting into Heaven, the doctrine of Balance states that an individual can enter Heaven devoid of being purified of his sins since his fantastic deeds outweigh his terrible deeds. Thus, is it achievable for the doctrine of Purgatory to spread among Muslims despite its contradiction using the doctrine of balance, although the doctrine of balance is reflective of normative theology 2.three. Purgatory as.