Ed inside the prior study (Kosini and Nukenine 2017). The insecticidal house of two diterpenes, excoecariatoxin and wikstrotoxin D, extracted from the methanol extract of G. kraussiana was reported (Bala et al. 1999). Make contact with toxicity of terpenes 5-HT4 Receptor Biological Activity against stored grain pests had been proven also by other searchers (Herrera et al. 2015, Kanda et al. 2017). Several of the causes for the poor industry penetration of botanical insecticides in Glucocorticoid Receptor Biological Activity establishing nations are their fairly slow action, lack of persistence, and inconsistent availability (Isman 2008). On the other hand, G. kraussiana is widely obtainable in Cameroon, its persistence was reported to be at the very least two mo (Kosini and Nukenine 2017) and was pretty toxic to insect pests compared with numerous botanical extracts tested by other researchers such as our prior research (Bisseleua et al. 2008, Kosini et al. 2017, Langsi et al. 2017, Fotso et al. 2019). Hence, hexane fraction of G. kraussiana is an outstanding candidate for the improvement of eco-friendly insecticides to protect cowpea against C. maculatus infestation. Acetone fraction might have also an essential role to guard cowpea against C. maculatus compared withthe well-known botanical insecticide NSO. Undoubtedly, the major toxic constituents of acetone fraction were alkaloids and flavonoids. That is consistent together with the findings of other searchers who reported insecticidal activity of flavonoids against Callosobruchus chinensis (Upasani et al. 2003) and that of alkaloids against Spodoptera litura (Ge et al. 2015). The low toxicity of methanol fraction may be that the larger extractive yield of methanol provides far more inactive material, hence diluting the active elements. That is confirmed by the results recorded from our preliminary investigation, which revealed that the powder of G. kraussiana roots could possibly present really low biological activities against C. maculatus. Even so, in contrast to our obtaining, methanol extract of roots of G. kraussiana showed potent insecticidal activity against Aphis gossypii and Drosophila melanogaster (Bala et al. 1999). This difference in susceptibility was not surprising for the reason that the insects are from distinctive families. There is certainly an emphasis inside the botanical insecticide literature on adulticidal effects against C. maculatus, and dearth reports on larvicidal toxicity. Control measures targeting the distinct immature stages with the pest should also acquire considerably attention considering that larvae are permanently present in the course of storage and are responsible for seed harm and weight loss. For the finest of our understanding, that is the first study investigating the ovicidal and larvicidal effects of G. kraussiana. The reduction of egg hatchability plus the percentage of larvae and pupae survivorship in treated cowpea showed that G. kraussiana contained ovicidal and larvicidal components. The higher toxicity of acetone fraction highlights its greater concentration in active components than methanol fraction. This obtaining confirms the prior report (Kosini et al. 2017), where acetone fraction of Ocimum canum was far more active than methanol fraction against immature stages of C. maculatus. The effectiveness of that fraction against the initial to third instars larvae and pupae was similar to that on the regular larvicide NSO. The key active elements have been almost certainly flavonoids and specifically alkaloids mainly present in acetone fraction. Therefore, acetone solvent could possibly be additional appropriated than methanol for chemical extraction for lar.